Mount Tzouhalem

Feature Type:Mount - Variation of Mountain: Mass of land prominently elevated above the surrounding terrain, bounded by steep slopes and rising to a summit and/or peaks. ["Mount" preceding the name usually indicates that the feature is named after a person.]
Name Authority: BC Geographical Names Office
Pronounced: zoo-HAY-lum
Relative Location: Just E of Duncan, between Cowichan Bay and Maple Bay, Cowichan Land District
Latitude-Longitude: 48°46'41"N, 123°36'52"W at the approximate centre of this feature.
Datum: WGS84
NTS Map: 92B/13

Origin Notes and History:

"Tzuhalem Mountain (not Tzouhalem Mountain)" adopted in the 10th Report of the Geographic Board of Canada, 30 June 1911. Form of name changed to Mount Tzuhalem 7 Sepember 1950 on C.3450. Spelling changed to Mount Tzouhalem 27 April 2000 on 92B/13, being the long-established, preferred local spelling as confirmed April 2000 by Cowichan Tribes (file V.1.38). The name refers to the entire landmass rising behind Genoa Bay.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Labelled "Tzohailim Hill" on J.D. Pemberton's map of the South-West District of Vancouver Island, 1855. Spelled "Tzohailin Hill" on British Admiralty Chart 2840, 1864 et seq.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

"This mountain north of Cowichan Bay is named after one of the fiercest of the war chiefs of the Cowichans. In 1844 he led an attack on Fort Victoria after the HBC tried to collect damages for cattle which his band had slain. Because of his frequent murders, he was banished at last by his fellow Indians, and took up residence in a cave on the side of [this mountain]. He had some fourteen wives living with him, most of whom had been widowed by him. Going to Kuper Island to acquire a new wife, Tzuhalem was slain by the woman's husband before Tzuhalem could kill him."

Source: Akrigg, Helen B. and Akrigg, G.P.V; British Columbia Place Names; Sono Nis Press, Victoria 1986 /or University of British Columbia Press 1997

Tzuhalem was an evil Cowichan Indian chief who terrorized the Indians of southern Vancouver Island in the early days. He was said to be demented. He was killed by one of his many wives in 1854.

Source: Provincial Archives of BC "Place Names File" compiled 1945-1950 by A.G. Harvey from various sources, with subsequent additions