Hells Gate

Feature Type:Canyon (2) - Deep, narrow valley with precipitous walls.
Status:
Name Authority: BC Geographical Names Office
Relative Location: Fraser Canyon, between Spuzzum and Boston Bar, N of Hope, Yale Division Yale Land District
Latitude-Longitude: 49°46'52''N, 121°26'59''W at the approximate centre of this feature.
Datum: NAD83
NTS Map: 92H/14

Origin Notes and History:

Hells Gate (canyon) adopted 14 August 1952 on 92SE, as labelled on BC Lands' map 2B, 1914.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Note that "Hell's Gate Rapids" (referring to the water here) was labelled on Geological Survey of Canada's "Map of a portion of the Southern Interior of British Columbia" by G.M. Dawson, 1877.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Named by miners during the gold rush of 1857-58. [a few years later in the early 1860s, this section of the Fraser River canyon posed near-insurmountable challenges to the building of the Cariboo Wagon Road, offering direct access to the Cariboo gold fields.] Obstructions in the river here, created by construction of the CNR in 1913, were corrected by building fish tunnels in 1944-45.

Source: Provincial Archives' Place Names File (the "Harvey File") compiled 1945-1950 by A.G. Harvey from various sources, with subsequent additions

"Simon Fraser had to portage around what he called the "gates of hell" during his descent of the river in 1808."

Source: Encyclopedia of British Columbia; Daniel Francis, ed; Harbour Publishing Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-55017-200-X