Connaught Tunnel

Feature Type:Tunnel - Underground passageway for a travel route (under a watercourse or arm of the sea, or through an elevation of terrain).
Status:
Name Authority: BC Geographical Names Office
Relative Location: Carries east-bound rail traffic through Rogers Pass, Glacier National Park, Kootenay Land District
Latitude-Longitude: 51°18'05''N, 117°28'35''W at the approximate centre of this feature.
Datum: NAD83
NTS Map: 82N/6
Related Maps: 82N/5
82N/6

Origin Notes and History:

Adopted by British Columbia 2 June 1994 on 82 N/5 & 82N/6; adopted by Parks Canada 21 September 1995.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Eastern portal at 51º 19' 50" - 117º 26' 50"; western portal at 51º 16' 10" - 117º 30' 40". Total length = 5 miles, the longest railway tunnel in North America when it opened in 1916.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Work began on the 8 km (5 mile) double track Connaught Tunnel in August 1913; the first train passed though 9 December 1916, with regular service beginning 4 days later. Because of the grade, west-bound traffic required extra "pusher" locomotives. In November 1958 the Connaught Tunnell was converted to single-track operation, and in July 1982 contracts were awarded for construction of the 14.6 km (9+ mile) reduced-grade Mount MacDonald Tunnel through Rogers Pass, to pass 91 metres beneath Connaught Tunnel (a total of 349 metres below the summit of Rogers Pass), for use by west-bound trains. Connaught Tunnel dedicated to east-bound rail traffic upon completion of Mount MacDonald Tunnel in (September ?) 1987.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office

Named by CPR, after HRH the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada, 1911-1916. Born Arthur William Patric Albert, third son and seventh child of Queen Victoria, at Buckingham Palace 1 May 1850; entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, 1866. Created Duke of Connaught and Strathern, and Earl of Sussex, in 1874. Married Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia 1879. Accompanied the Expeditionaray Force to Egypt in 1882 and commanded the Guards Brigade at Tel-el-kebir. In 1886 he went to India. Commander in Chief of Forces in Ireland, 1900.

Source: BC place name cards, or correspondence to/from BC's Chief Geographer or BC Geographical Names Office